Employment law generally deals with individual employment contracts in which the employee is not either a member of a union or bound by a collective bargaining agreement.
Labour law generally applies to work environments that are governed by the Ontario Labour Relations Act. In such environments, the employee is subject to collective bargaining and is a member of a union.
One main distinction is that whereas employment contracts can be either oral or written, collective bargaining agreements cannot be oral. While both employment and labour law involve similar issues, the laws, cases and procedures for both are different.
For related case studies and more information on Employment Law, search our blog.